From: IBM Corporation
The Double-Bind Dilemma for Women in Leadership: Damned if You Do, Doomed if You Don’t is part of the Catalyst series examining barriers to women’s advancement. In this report, we analyze responses to the open-ended questions from two previous Catalyst studies, Women “Take Care,” Men “Take Charge:” Stereotyping of U.S. Business Leaders Exposed and Different Cultures, Similar Perceptions: Stereotyping of Western European Business Leaders. These new analyses allow us to explore the contours of the misleading beliefs documented in the previous reports; they also provide examples and anecdotes from respondents’ experiences. We supplement these data with in-depth interviews of 13 women working at a large U.S.-headquartered global company, all of whom held leadership positions at the time of the interviews.
Methodology: The first part of the study includes a content analysis of open-ended responses collected in the two previous Catalyst studies, which examined senior executives’ perceptions of men and women leaders in the United States and Europe. The sample consisted of 296 U.S. senior managers and corporate leaders (168 women and 128 men) and 935 European managers and senior manages (282 women and 653 men), for a total of 1,231 participants.